If you live in Overland Park, you have probably come across several specialists that treat pilonidal cysts. It is, however, unfortunate that many people don’t know how to deal with pilonidal cysts in Overland Park. The cysts are easy to treat if you consult a specialist about them on time. 

What Are They?

Pilonidal diseases include pilonidal sinus (the most common type), pilonidal cyst, and pilonidal abscess.

Pilonidal sinuses are the most common type of pilonidal disease. These sinuses occur in a midline hair-bearing area, at the top of the cleft of buttocks, where the buttocks meet. 

A pilonidal cyst is a closed sac containing epithelial debris and hair near an opening of a pilonidal sinus. A pilonidal abscess is usually an acute bacterial infection of a cyst or sinus, often resulting in fever, chills, increased pain, swelling, and redness around the infected site.

What are the Risk Factors?

Pilonidal disease patients are mostly young men with dark hair that grows more slowly or finer than other hairs on their bodies. The incidence occurs in about 1 in 1,000 people. Most patients are aged between 20-40 years. 

The pilonidal disease occurs more frequently among blacks than whites and males than females. Possible risk factors include

  • Obesity, 
  • Inadequate grooming practices,
  • Genetic susceptibility, darker hair, 
  • Caucasian race, family history, 
  • Deeper body hair layer, 
  • Occupations requiring sitting, 
  • Work involving frequent public contact.

Pilonidal disease is much more common in men than women. About two-thirds of pilonidal diseases occur in men. The cysts typically involve only one side but can extend to both sides or even into the scrotum. 

Treatment for Pilonidal Cysts

Treatment for this condition eliminates the infection, reduces pain, promotes healing, and prevents future breakouts. As is true with many other conditions in medicine that do not have known effective treatment, they will likely keep reappearing. 

  • Open Surgical Treatment

Treatment of pilonidal cysts and sinuses involves complete surgical removal of the affected tissue. They are performed as an outpatient procedure under general anesthesia. The surgeon will make a small incision, remove the tissue mass, and close the opening with sutures. 

Local anesthesia numbs the surgical area before surgery, and the duration of the surgery ranges from one to three hours, depending on its severity. Postoperative care includes dressing changes, pain medications, antibiotics, and sitting in a chair for long periods.

  • Garlic

Garlic inhibits bacterial growth and infection, making it an excellent natural treatment. The simplest way is to press a clove of garlic through the pilonidal sinus. If you do not like the smell or taste of garlic, try applying an over-the-counter antibiotic cream such as Neosporin or Bactroban to the area. After this is through, cover the pilonidal cyst with a bandage for maximum effectiveness.

  • Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil contains antiseptic properties that are useful in killing bacteria and reducing inflammation. To use tea tree oil on your pilonidal cyst, apply some of it directly to the cyst. 

Having a pilonidal cyst is an unpleasant experience and one that can be painful and frustrating. That is why many seek treatments to eradicate them. If you or your loved one has them, don’t hesitate to see a doctor.